Conundrums for a Tuesday Afternoon
If there is but one god, then it appears that god is either pantheistic (comprised of everything that is) or exists outside of the multiverse.
The prevalent attributes associated with one god are that god is eternal (has always existed and will always exist), omniscient (all knowing), omnipresent (everywhere at the same time), omnibenevolent (all good) and omnipotent (all powerful). Experience appears to make the simultaneous possession of all such attributes unrealistic.
Attempts to rationalize the coexistence of all such attributes rely on the concept that god has imposed limitations on his, her or its exercise of omnipotence in order to grant free will, although the exercise of free will contrary to the laws imposed by god results in unavoidable and eternal punishment. It would appear that such threat would inhibit the exercise of free will thus contradicting its own premise.
That leads to the conclusion that the existence of multiple gods lacking one or more of the traditional monotheistic attributes is more likely than the existence of one god possessing all such attributes.
A third, perhaps more plausible alternative, is pantheistic monism, the belief that god is comprised of everything that is, and that god changes in conjunction with the changes in god’s components, hopefully in an ever improving fashion. In that sense, everyone and everything is part of god and the issue of a single god or multiple gods is not relevant since god would be both at the same time. A mystery such as religions feel compelled to develop. Reincarnation or transmigration of souls would appear as the most logical method for the continuing evolution of god.
One step beyond pantheistic monism is the belief that while the Divine is comprised of everything that is, everywhere and every when, it has attained consciousness in much the same way that we have, i.e., while our bodies are comprised of billions of independently alive cells, we as a whole have a separate sense of existence and being, a form of panentheism. In that sense, perhaps there exists a hierarchical chain of related beings, each comprised of everything below them, with intermediate states of consciousness: perhaps a chain of gods, with their own gods above?
The nature of time mystifies and intrigues. Is it an evolving, unidirectional phenomenon or is it a permanent, immutable fundamental element which we merely perceive sequentially? If the latter, can such perception be multi-directional? Can it be multi-perceptual, so that the viewer can experience different roles in a quest for experience, and if so, can the same roles be experienced by multiple entities? Can one be occupying different bodies in the same time-space continuum; even interacting with oneself? Can one be one’s own spouse, child? Can one live experiences in a non-linear fashion, i.e., jump between the present future and past in non-chronological order? That would be extremely useful in a pantheistic monist or panentheistic theological system. Time could then be eternal and limited, finite and infinite, at the same time: a reusable experience mechanism.
The nature of space poses similar delights. Are their multiple universes, multiple dimensions? Does everything that can possibly happen, happen somewhere? Even a flat earth in a tiny, terra-centric universe? Even one perfect god?
 © Guillermo Calvo Mahé; Ocala, Florida, 1998; all rights reserved